InVEST documentation


Data sources

The Marine InVEST development team would like to acknowledge the following sources for data that are provided with the models:

WAVEWATCH III model hindcast reanalysis results are from NOAA’s National Weather Service

ETOPO1 was developed by and is available from NOAA’s National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). (Amante, C. and B. W. Eakins, ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24, 19 pp, March 2009).

The Global Self-consistent, Hierarchical, High-resolution Shoreline Database (GSHHS) is developed and maintained by Paul Wessel, SOEST, University of Hawai’i, Honolulu, and Walter H.F. Smith, NOAA Geosciences Lab, National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD. It can be accessed via NOAA’s National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). (Wessel, P., and W. H. F. Smith, A Global Self-consistent, Hierarchical, High-resolution Shoreline Database, J. Geophys. Res., 101)

British Columbia Shorezone Data are provided courtesy of the Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Natural Resource Operations, GeoBC Division. The data used for this model is a snapshot in time. For the most current coastal resource and shorezone data please visit

Gridded Population of the World Version 3 (GPWv3) data are provided courtesy of the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University; and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). 2005. Gridded Population of the World Version 3 (GPWv3): Population Grids. Palisades, NY: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), CIESIN, Columbia University. Available at

Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada provides commercial fishery data layers (groundfish trawl and longline, salmon troll, and shrimp trawl) collected from 1993-95 through interviews with fisheries officers for the West Coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Data are publicly available through GeoBC, the geographic information clearinghouse for British Columbia Canada.

Habitat layers are available through British Columbia Marine Conservation Analysis (BCMCA) and GeoBC.

Individuals and organizations

We would also like to thank the following individuals and organizations for support, guidance, great collaborations, and fun! This is not an exhaustive list.

The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

The West Coast Aquatic Management Board

NOAA Fisheries, Northwest Fisheries Science Center

Gretchen Daily, Peter Kareiva, Taylor Ricketts, Steve Polasky, and Jon Foley

Our Technical Working Group: Mary Ruckelshaus, Anne Guerry, Katie Arkema, Greg Guannel, CK Kim, Mike Papenfus, Jodie Toft, Gregg Verutes, Joey Bernhardt, Apollo Qi, Jeremy Davies, Heather Tallis, Steve Polasky, Mark Plummer, Phil Levin, Bill Labiosa, Francis Chan, Guy Gelfenbaum, Peter Ruggiero, Andre Punt, Melanie McField, Ben Halpern, Sarah Lester, Malin Pinsky, Mike Beck, Barry Gold, Kai Chan

Others: Matt Marsik, Spencer Wood, Dave Sutherland, Andrew Day, Laura Loucks, Trudy Warner, Kevin Head, Roger Bedard, Jim Regetz, Dan Holland, Jameal Samhouri